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初中英语九年级单元高频常考知识点梳理,教师整理

原创于: 2018-09-13 11:39:40

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Unit2

 

 

1. used to do sth. 过去常常做某事

否定形式: didn’t use to do sth. / used not to do sth.

如:He used to play football after school.

放学后他过去常常踢足球。

Did he use to play football? Yes, I did. No, I didn’t.

他过去踢足球吗?

He didn’t use to smoke.

他过去不吸烟。

2. 反意疑问句

①肯定陈述句+否定提问

如:Lily is a student, isn’t she?

莉莉是个学生,是吗?

Lily will go to China, won’t she?

莉莉要去中国,是吗?

②否定陈述句+肯定提问 如:

She doesn’t come from China, does she?

她不是来自中国,是吗?

You haven’t finished homework, have you?

你还没完成作业,是吗?

③提问部分用代词而不用名词

Lily is a student, isn’t she?

④陈述句中含有否定意义的词

如:little, few, never, nothing, hardly等。其反意疑问句用肯定式。

如:He knows little English, does he?

他一点也不懂英语,不是吗?

They hardly understood it, did they?

他们几乎不明白,不是吗?

3. play the piano 弹钢琴

4. ①be interested in sth. 对…感兴趣

②be interested in doing sth. 对做…感兴趣

如:He is interested in math, but he isn’t interested in speaking English.

他对数学感兴趣,但是他对说英语不感兴趣。

5. interested adj. 感兴趣的,指人对某事物感兴趣,往往主语是人

interesting adj.有趣的,指某事物/某人具有趣味,主语往往是物6. still 仍然,还

用在be 动词的后面 如:I’m still a student.

用在行为动词的前面 如:I still love him.

7. the dark 天黑,晚上,黑暗

 

 

8. 害怕… be terrified of sth.

如:I am terrified of the dog.我怕狗。

be terrified of doing sth.

如:I am terrified of speaking.我怕讲话。

9. on 副词,表示(电灯、电视、机械等)在运转中/打开,其反义词off.

如: with the light on 灯开着

10. walk to somewhere 步行到某处

walk to school 步行到学校

11. spend 动词,表示“花费金钱、时间”

①spend…on sth. 在某事上花费(金钱、时间)

②spend…doing sth. 花费(金钱、时间)去做某事

如:He spends too much time on clothes.

他花费太多的时间在衣着

He spend 3 months building the bridge.

他花费了三个月去建这座桥。

12. take 动词 有“花费”的意思 常用的结构有:take sb. … to do sth.

如:It takes me a day to read the book.

我读这本书花了一天。

13. chat with sb. 与某人闲聊

如:I like to chat with him.

我喜欢和他聊天。

14. worry about sb./ sth. 担心某人/某事

be worried about sb./sth. 担心某人/某事

如:Don’t worry about him. 不用担心他。

Mother is worried about her son. 妈妈担心他的儿子。

15. all the time 一直、始终

16. take sb. to + 地方 送/带某人去某个地方

如:A person took him to the hospital.

一个人把他送到了医院。

Lui took me home.

刘把我送回了家。(home 的前面不能用to)

17. hardly adv. 几乎不、没有

hardly ever 很少

hardly 修饰动词时,通常放在助动词、情态动词之后,实义动词之前

助动词/情态动词+hardly

hardly + 实义动词

如:I can hardly understand them.

我几乎不能够明白他们。

I hardly have time to do it.

我几乎没有时间去做了。

18. miss v. 思念、想念、 错过

19. in the last few years. 在过去的几年内 常与完成时连用 如:

I have lived in China in the last few years.

在过去的几年内我在中国住。

20. be different from teacheray.com 与…..不同

 

 

21. how to swim 怎样游泳

不定式与疑问词连用:动词不定式可以和what, which, how, where, when 等引导的疑问句连用,构成不定式短语。但除why(why后面用do,why not do? 你为什么不?)

The question is when to start. 问题是什么时候开始。

I don’t know where to go. 我不知道去哪。

22. make sb./ sth. + 形容词 make you happy

make sb./ sth. + 动词原形 make him laugh

23. move to +地方 搬到某地

如:I moved to Beijing last year.

我去年搬去北京。

24. it seems that +从句 看起来好像……

如:It seems that he has changed a lot.

看起来他好像变了许多。

25. help sb. with sth. 帮某人某事

help sb. (to ) do sth. 帮某人做某事

She helped me with English.

她帮助我学英语。

She helped me (to) study English。

她帮助我学习英语。

26. fifteen-year-old 作形容词 15岁的

fifteen-year-olds 作名词15岁的人

fifteen years old 指年龄 15岁

如:a fifteen-year-old boy 一个15岁的男孩

Fifteen-year-olds like to sing. 15岁的人喜欢唱歌。

I am fifteen years old . 我是15岁。

27.支付不起… can’t /couldn’t afford to do sth.

can’t / couldn’t afford sth.

如:I can’t/couldn’t afford to buy the car.

I can’t/couldn’t afford the car.

我买不起这个辆小车。

28. as + 形容词./副词+as sb. could/can 尽某人的…能力

如:Zhou run as fast as her could/can.

她尽她最快的能力去跑。

29. get into trouble with 遇到麻烦

30. in the end 最后=at last

31. make a decision 下决定 下决心

32. to one’s surprise 令某人惊讶

如:to their surprise 令他们惊讶的是

33. take pride in sth. 以…而自豪

如:His father always take pride in him.

他的爸爸总是以他而自豪。

34. pay attention to sth. 对…注意,留心

如:You must pay attention to your friend.

你应该多注意你的朋友。

 

 

35. be able to do sth. 能做某事

如:She is able to do it.

她能够做到。

36. give up doing sth. 放弃做某事

如:My father has given up smoking.

我爸爸已经放弃吸烟了。

37.不再 ①no more == no longer

如:I play tennis no more/ longer.我不再打网球。

②not …any more == not …any longer

如:I don’t play tennis any more/longer. 我不再打网球。

38. go to sleep 入睡=fall asleep

原创/安颖/北京市西城区英语教师。

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